Diagnosing and Treating Medication Overuse Headache
Medication overuse headache (MOH) is a very common and largely preventable disorder with considerable impacts on health care costs. In fact, the socioeconomic burden of MOH may be almost double that of chronic migraine.
MOH is comorbid with primary headache disorders, particularly chronic migraine, tension-type headache, and post-traumatic headache, and can result from the overuse of several different agents, including over the counter analgesics such as acetaminophen and NSAIDs, and prescription medications including opioids, barbiturates, and triptans. Chronic daily headache is estimated to have a prevalence of 3 to 4%, and some studies suggest that as many as 70% of patients with frequent headache take these medications on a near daily basis.
Types of headaches
In a normal way, headache simply means a pain or discomfort felt in the head region – whether it is the face, back of the head, forehead, scalp, behind the eyes, etc. A headache can also be caused by referral from the upper neck or even teeth and sinuses. It can be present even though there is no actual organic cause for it.
Headache is a very common complaint and virtually all people will suffer headache at least occassionally throughout their lives. Headache is not always severe enough for patients to seek medical advice, but nevertheless a large number of doctor consultations are due to headaches.
A tension headache is a chronic, recurrent headache believed to be due to tension within the scalp muscles – usually as a result of worry or stress on your mind. It is felt as a tight band sensation, or a throbbing pain, or pressure behind the eye. Tension headache is very common, though many headaches are attributed to tension even though they may be caused by something else.
Cluster headache is a particular type of headache that typically occurs in groups or clusters. It is characterised by repetitive headaches that occur for weeks to months at a time, followed by periods of remission. The headaches are generally severe but brief.
Migraines are recurrent headaches which can occur in conjunction with gastrointestinal and visual symptoms. The name is derived from the Greek word meaning ‘pain in half the head’, as migraines often produce a unilateral (one-sided) headache. There are several types of migraine – the two main types are classical migraine and common migraine.
Chronic daily headache (incorporating chronic migraine and medication overuse headache)
Chronic daily headache is a type of frequently occurring headache which may be further classified as either chronic migraine or medication overuse headache. Chronic daily headache is thought to most typically occur as a result of medication overuse, but may also occur without medication overuse, when tension-type, cluster or migraine headaches become more frequent and intense.
Know More About This: medypharma.com